Course 6 – Share Data Through the Art of Visualization Quiz Answers
Week 4: Developing Presentations and Slideshows
GOOGLE DATA ANALYTICS PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATION
Complete Study Guide
Developing Presentations and Slideshows INTRODUCTION
This is the last week of course six, where you learned how to develop an effective presentation and slideshows for your data analysis. You will explore all aspects of your analysis when developing the presentation, as well as how to create clear, accessible, and convincing data visualizations.
In addition, you will also be taught techniques for anticipating and responding to potential limitations and questions that may arise. With these skills acquired from this course from Coursera in Google Data Certification, you can effectively present your findings to others.
This part of the course is designed to help you gain confidence in creating presentations that effectively communicate the insights gained through your data analysis. You’ll learn strategies for developing compelling visuals which highlight trends or patterns in the data.
- Describe best practices for addressing the question-and-answer section of a presentation
- Consider the caveats and limitations associated with the data in a presentation
- Differentiate between strong and weak presentation content
- Describe how junior data analysts are expected to use their presentation skills
- Explain principles and practices associated with effective presentations
- Identify appropriate responses to presentation objections
Test your knowledge on effective presentations
1. Which of the following is an example of a business task? Select all that apply.
- Identifying a company’s most productive manufacturing plants (Correct)
- Finding relationships between weather patterns and economic activity (Correct)
- Comparing in-person and online clothing purchasing trends to make stocking decisions (Correct)
- Theorizing that the amount of coffee purchased per day increases in the summer
Correct: Comparing purchasing trends, identifying productive manufacturing plants, and finding relationships between the weather and the economy are examples of business tasks.
2. A supervisor asks a junior data analyst to present two hypotheses regarding a data analytics project. What is the purpose of a hypothesis?
- To theorize about data (Correct)
- To describe methods
- To summarize data
- To introduce findings
Correct: The purpose of a hypothesis is to theorize about your data. Data analysts use them to establish what they want to prove or disprove.
3. Which of the following is an example of an initial hypothesis? Select all that apply.
- A manufacturing plant’s reduced output in the last month is due to a natural disaster that shut down production.
- A company’s trend of annual revenue growth is from an increasing number of online sales (Correct)
- A relationship exists between the holiday season and increased traffic congestion (Correct)
- An increase in wildlife presence is due to a record high in annual rainfall
Correct: An initial hypothesis is a theory you’re trying to prove or disprove with data. Examples of an initial hypothesis include: a trend of annual revenue growth from an increasing number of online sales, a relationship between the holiday season and increased traffic congestion, and an increase of wildlife presence from a record high in annual rainfall.
4. In the McCandless Method, the first step involves communicating to the audience where they should focus and what the graphic is about. Which step is this?
- State the insight of your graphic
- Introduce the graphic by name (Correct)
- Calling out data to support your insights
- Answer obvious questions before they’re asked
Correct: In the McCandless Method, the first step involves communicating to the audience where they should focus and what the graphic is about. This is the step for introducing the graphic by name.
test your knowledge on presentation skills and practices
1. Which techniques can be helpful to prevent nerves before a presentation? Select all that apply.
- Describe each graph in-depth
- Prepare materials beforehand (Correct)
- Channel your excitement (Correct)
- Speak quickly so you don’t run out of time
Correct: To customize a chart in a spreadsheet, you can change the colors, data, and type of chart. Going forward, you can apply your knowledge of charts to future lessons about data visualization. This will help you prepare for future lessons about data visualization.
2. Which technique can make it easier to keep your body calm before a presentation?
- Practicing breathing exercises (Correct)
- Applying the five second rule
- Preparing material beforehand
- Starting with broad ideas
Correct: Practicing breathing exercises can make it easier to keep your body calm before a presentation.
3. Which practices are helpful for keeping an audience focused on your presentation? Select all that apply.
- Make constant gestures
- Make eye contact (Correct)
- Build in intentional pauses (Correct)
- Be mindful of nervous habits (Correct)
Correct: The practices that help keep an audience focused include making eye contact, reducing nervous habits, and pausing intentionally.
test your knowledge on caveats and limitations to data
1. What is the technique that data analysts use to help them anticipate the questions a stakeholder might have during a Q&A?
- Limitation test
- Practice swing
- Colleague test (Correct)
- Stakeholder brainstorm
Correct: A colleague test is an effective way to anticipate questions a stakeholder might have during a Q&A.
2. You present to your stakeholders, and they express concern about how your results compare to previous results. Which kind of objection are they making?
- Presentation skills
- Findings (Correct)
Correct: This stakeholder is making an objection about your findings.
3. After your presentation, a stakeholder is concerned about whether your data comes from a reputable source. In what ways should you respond? Select all that apply.
- Question why the stakeholder is concerned
- Follow up with details about the source (Correct)
- Acknowledge that the objection is valid (Correct)
- Take steps to investigate the source further (Correct)
Correct: When you receive an objection with merit, the best way to respond is by acknowledging its validity. Then, follow up with details and promise to investigate the matter further.
Test your knowledge on listening, responding, and including
1. After you finish giving a presentation, an audience member asks your team for additional information on your topic. Your coworker is answering the question thoroughly, but you notice that the rest of your audience has tuned out. How can you re-engage your audience? Select all that apply.
- Repeat the question
- Interrupt your coworker
- Redirect to a new question (Correct)
- Ask a question to the audience (Correct)
Correct: If you notice your audience is losing interest, you can redirect to a new question or ask a question to your audience to re-engage them.
2. You answer a question from an audience member, who then seems confused. You conclude that you didn’t understand the question. What should you have done differently to avoid the issue? Select all that apply.
- Repeated the question to clarify (Correct)
- Elaborated more on the topic
- Provided more context for their answer
- Listened to the full question (Correct)
Correct: In this scenario, two actions could have assisted you in answering the question: listen to the full question or repeat the question to clarify. These strategies can help you answer a question directly and completely.
3. Your audience has several questions after your presentation, and you may not have enough time to answer them all. How should you proceed?
- Repeat each question
- Involve the whole audience
- Keep responses brief and follow up after the presentation (Correct)
- Understand the context of each question
Correct: To answer more questions in less time, keep each response brief and to the point. This way, you answer a question directly and have more time to move onto the next one. After the Q&A, you can follow up with any questions that still need clarification.
Share Data Through the Art of Visualization Weekly Challenge 4
1. Fill in the blank: You are working as a data analyst at a gas company and want to learn more about top-performing staff members. You create a _____, which states that employee success hinges on a successful onboarding process when people are first hired. You hope to either prove or disprove this theory with your data.
- business task
- hypothesis (Correct)
Correct: You create a hypothesis. A hypothesis is the theory you try to prove or disprove with data.
2. According to the McCandless Method, what is the most effective way to first present a data visualization to an audience?
- Tell the audience why the graphic matters
- Introduce the graphic by name
- Answer obvious questions before they’re asked (Correct)
- State the insight of the graphic
Correct: According to the McCandless Method, the earliest opportunity to provide context to your audience is when you answer obvious questions before they’re asked.
3. You are preparing for your first presentation at a new job. Which strategies can help you combat nervousness about presentations? Select all that apply.
- Channel your nervousness into excitement about your topic (Correct)
- Improvise your material to speak naturally
- Practice and prepare your material (Correct)
- Do breathing exercises to calm your body down (Correct)
Correct: You can combat nervousness about presentations by practicing your material, channeling your nervousness into excitement, and doing breathing exercises. When preparing for a presentation at a new job, it helps to pay extra attention to preparation and strategies that help soothe your nerves.
4. You are preparing for a presentation and want to make sure your nerves don’t distract you from your presentation. Which practices can help you stay focused on an audience? Select all that apply.
- Use short sentences (Correct)
- Be mindful of nervous habits (Correct)
- Speak as quickly and briefly as possible
- Keep the pitch of your voice level (Correct)
Correct: Some helpful ways to focus on an audience include being mindful of nervous habits, using short sentences, and speaking with an even pitch. By using these strategies, you can reduce the risk of getting distracted during your presentation.
5. You are running a colleague test with your coworkers. One coworker points out that she doesn’t understand one of your graphs. What can you do to prepare for presenting to your stakeholders? Select all that apply.
- Move the graph to a later slide
- Elaborate on the data from the graph (Correct)
- Redesign the graph (Correct)
- Remove the graph
Correct: If you receive a concern from a colleague about one of your data visualizations, you can redesign it or elaborate on the data it displays. By running a Colleague Test, you can catch and fix issues with your presentation before getting in front of your audience.
6. Your stakeholders express concern that the results of your analysis are very different from the predictions they made last year. Which kind of objection are they making?
- Presentation skills
- Findings (Correct)
Correct: When a stakeholder is concerned about the results of your analysis, they are making an objection about your findings. This is when someone objects to problems or inconsistencies in your final results.
7. You are on a team of analysts presenting to your stakeholders. Your teammate responds to an objection about your steps of analysis by repeating the steps and then getting defensive when the stakeholders don’t seem to understand. What could they have done to respond to the objection more appropriately? Select all that apply.
- Acknowledge that the objection is valid (Correct)
- Describe the approach you took in your analysis (Correct)
- Promise to investigate your analysis question further (Correct)
- Remind the stakeholders of your successes
Correct: Instead of getting defensive, your coworker should have acknowledged that the objection was valid. Simply repeating the steps you took may not be helpful. By describing your approach and promising to investigate the matter further, your coworker can respond to an objection appropriately and reassure the stakeholders.
8. You are presenting to a large audience and want to keep everyone engaged during your Q&A. What can you do to ensure your audience doesn’t grow disinterested despite its size?
- Wait longer for the audience to ask questions
- Repeat your key findings
- Keep your pitch level
- Ask your audience for insights (Correct)
Correct: One way to engage a large audience is to ask them if they know anything about the topic you’re presenting about. In a large audience, it is more likely that an audience member may have information or anecdotes to contribute. You can enrich the discussion if they would like to share their insights.
GOOGLE DATA ANALYTICS COURSERA ANSWERS AND STUDY GUIDE
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Share Data Through the Art of Visualization Course Challenge
1. Scenario 1, questions 1-9
You have been working as a junior data analyst at Bowling Green Business Intelligence for nearly a year. Your supervisor, Kate, tells you that she believes you are ready for more responsibility. She asks you to lead an upcoming client presentation. You will be responsible for creating the data story, identifying the right tools to use, building the slideshow, and delivering the presentation to stakeholders.
Your client is Gaea, an automotive manufacturer that makes eco-friendly electric cars. For the past year, you have been working with the data team in Gaea’s Bowling Green, Kentucky, headquarters. For the presentation, you will engage the data team, as well as its regional sales representatives and distributors. Your presentation will inform their business strategy for the next three-to-five years.
A big part of audience engagement is knowing how to eliminate less important details. What practice do you use to scan quickly through the data in order to identify the most important insights?
- Spotlighting (Correct)
Correct: You use spotlighting to scan through data to quickly identify the most important insights. Spotlighting enables data analysts to identify broad, universal ideas and messages.
2. Scenario 1, continued
Your team’s analysis has revealed three key insights:
- Electric vehicle sales demand is expected to grow by more than 400% by 2025.
- The number of publicly available vehicle charging stations is a significant factor in consumer buying decisions. Currently, there are many locations with so few charging stations that electric car owners would run out of power when traveling between stations.
- Vehicle battery range is also a significant factor for consumers. In 2020, the average battery range was 210 miles. However, the vast majority of survey respondents report they will not buy an electric car until the battery range is at least 300 miles per charge.
Fill in the blank: Based on these insights, you create a clear and direct _____, which will guide your data story.
- specific question
- business case
- problem statement
- primary message (Correct)
Correct: You create a clear and direct primary message, which will guide your data story. This aligns with best practices for writing a primary message.
3. Scenario 1, continued
Next, you decide on your data narrative’s characters, setting, plot, big reveal, and aha moment. During the narrative, you want to communicate to your stakeholders about the challenges associated with the current lack of vehicle charging stations and why it’s important for Gaea to increase its cars’ battery range by 2025.
Information about charging stations and the need to increase battery range will be part of the setting of your data story.
- False (Correct)
Correct: This information will be part of the plot. The plot, or conflict, is used to create tension in the data story. For Gaea’s situation, it would include two ideas: An explanation of some of the challenges associated with lack of vehicle charging stations and details about why it’s important for Gaea to increase its cars’ battery range by 2025.
4. Scenario 1, continued
Now, it’s time to consider which tools to use to create data visualizations that will clearly communicate the results of your analysis. You and your team decide to make both spreadsheet charts and Tableau data visualizations. In addition, you want to provide them with a tool that will achieve the following goals:
- Organize multiple datasets about electric vehicle battery ranges into a central location
- Enable tracking and analysis of electric vehicle data
- Simplify data visualizations about the number of available charging stations using maps of the different geographies
What tool do you create for your stakeholders?
- Dashboard (Correct)
Correct: You create a dashboard. There are multiple benefits to using dashboards to tell data stories. They include being able to organize information from multiple datasets into one central location and enabling tracking and analysis of data. In addition, dashboards can simplify data visualization using tables, charts, and graphs.
5. Scenario 1, continued
Now that you have finished planning the data story with your team, it’s time to create data visualizations. First, you consider electric vehicle sales worldwide in 2015 compared to 2020. You use a spreadsheet to create the following bar graph to compare the two values:
You add information on the x-axis to represent a scale of values for the total electric vehicle sales and on the y-axis to represent the time periods (2015 and 2020).
- False (Correct)
Correct: In bar graphs with vertical bars, the x-axis is used to represent time periods, categories, or other variables. The y-axis is used to represent a scale of values for the variables.
6. Scenario 1, continued
Next, you explore how access to public car-charging stations is influencing electric vehicle purchases. As your analysis has revealed, there are many areas without enough places for people to plug in and charge their cars. This lack of charging stations has a negative impact on demand for electric cars and overall vehicle sales.
You use Tableau to create the following draft of a visualization, which organizes the charging station data geographically:
After reviewing your draft, you realize that it could be improved. What steps do you take to make your map more effective? Select all that apply.
- Choose darker values (Correct)
- Add more space between each state
- Select more varied hues (Correct)
- Make the intensity of the colors stronger (Correct)
Correct: A map’s colors should be used to help the audience understand the data it contains. To make the map more effective, you make the intensity of the colors stronger, select more varied hues, and choose darker values. Intensity will make the colors brighter. Different hues will help the states stand out from one another. And darker values will make the color differences easier to see.
7. Scenario 1, continued
Now, you want to highlight what your team’s analysis discovered about the number of charging stations available compared to the number of cars purchased. Your data has confirmed that the lack of charging stations causes the effect of fewer car sales. To communicate this effectively, you will need to convey causation to the stakeholders.
How do you explain causation?
- Causation is when an action directly leads to an outcome, such as a cause-effect relationship. In the case of Gaea’s business, the lack of charging stations directly leads to the outcome of fewer car sales (Correct)
- Causation is the measure of the degree to which two variables move in relationship to each other. In the case of Gaea’s business, charging station numbers and car sales move in the same direction
- Causation involves everything associated with an event. In the case of Gaea’s business, the lack of charging stations has a negative effect on the entire automotive marketplace
- Causation involves how often data values fall into certain ranges. In the case of Gaea’s business, data about the number of charging stations will fall into ranges associated with car sales
Correct: Causation is when an action directly leads to an outcome, such as a cause-effect relationship. In the case of Gaea’s business, the lack of charging stations directly leads to the outcome of fewer car sales.
8. Scenario 1, continued
Once you finish creating data visualizations about the current state of the electric vehicle market, you turn to projections for the future. You want to communicate to stakeholders about the importance of longer vehicle battery range to consumers.
Your team’s data includes feedback from a consumer survey that investigated the importance of longer battery when choosing whether to purchase an electric car. The current average battery range is about 210 miles. By 2025, that distance is expected to grow to 450 miles per charge.
You create the following pie chart:
Fill in the blank: After reviewing your pie chart, you realize that it could be improved. You resize the _____ so they visually show the different values.
- segments (Correct)
Correct: To make this chart more effective, you resize the segments so they visually show the different values. When the segments are all the same size, even though they represent different values, this will confuse the audience.
9. Scenario 1, continued
It’s time to build your Tableau dashboard for stakeholders. You consider what type of layout to use.
Describe the differences between vertical and horizontal layouts. Select all that apply.
- Horizontal layouts prevent items from being layered over other objects
- Horizontal layouts adjust the width of the views and objects contained (Correct)
- Vertical layouts prevent items from being layered over other objects
- Vertical layouts adjust the height of the views and objects contained (Correct)
Correct: Vertical layouts adjust the height of the views and objects contained. Horizontal layouts adjust the width of the views and objects contained.
10. Scenario 2, questions 10-15
You have created your narrative and visuals, so now it’s time to build a professional and appealing slideshow. You choose a theme that matches the tone of your presentation. Then, you create a title slide with a title, subtitle, and the date.
Next, you create the following slide that compares electric vehicle sales in 2015 and 2020:
After reviewing your slide, you realize that it could be improved. What steps do you take to make the two text boxes beneath the header more effective? Select all that apply.
- Edit the text to fewer than five lines total (Correct)
- Use abbreviations to reduce the amount of text
- Edit the text to fewer than 25 words total (Correct)
- Ensure the text does not simply repeat the words you plan to say (Correct)
Correct: To make the text more effective, you should edit it to fewer than five lines and 25 words. You should also ensure the text on the slide does not simply repeat the words you say.
11. Scenario 2, continued
You then create the following slide to demonstrate the challenges associated with battery range and charging stations:
After reviewing your slide, you realize that the visual elements could be improved. Which of the following options would help you make the visual elements on this slide more effective? Select all that apply.
- Use a consistent font size and color for data visualization titles (Correct)
- Use more colors in the map
- Provide a detailed written explanation of both data visualizations
- Choose one data visualization to share on this slide, then create another slide for the second data visualization (Correct)
Correct: To make the visual elements more effective, you should choose one data point to share, then create another slide for the second data visualization. In addition, you should use a consistent font size and color for data visualization titles.
12. Scenario 2, continued
You complete your slideshow and share it with your team. Once it is approved by your supervisor, you prepare to give your presentation. You consider presentation best practices: maintaining good posture, being aware of nervous habits, and making eye contact. In addition, you think about how you will present your data visualizations.
What strategies can help you explain the data visualizations effectively? Select all that apply.
- Start with the broader ideas (Correct)
- Channel your excitement (Correct)
- Speak quickly to save time and cover all important data points
- Use the five-second rule (Correct)
Correct: To make sure you explain the data visualizations effectively, channel your excitement, start with the broader ideas, and use the five-second rule.
Correct: To explain the data visualizations effectively, you should channel your excitement, start with the broader ideas, and use the five-second rule.
13. Scenario 2, continued
Next, you prepare for the question-and-answer session that will follow your presentation. What methods help you predict what questions your audience may ask? Select all that apply.
- Add automotive jargon to your presentation to demonstrate that you understand these industry terms.
- Be prepared to consider and describe any limitations of your data (Correct)
- Make sure you have a clear understanding of Gaea stakeholder objectives (Correct)
- Do a test-run, or colleague test, of your presentation (Correct)
Correct: To predict what questions stakeholders may ask, make sure you have a clear understanding of Gaea stakeholder objectives. You should also do a test-run of your presentation and consider and describe any limitations of your data.
14. Scenario 2, continued
Now that you have some idea of the questions the stakeholders will ask, you consider potential objections. You and a team member consider different objections that might arise. Your team member asks you how you will respond if someone from Gaea has an objection that you haven’t prepared for.
You say that you will respond professionally using the information you currently have available in order to move quickly past the objection.
- False (Correct)
Correct: If you are unprepared to respond to an objection, you should acknowledge that the objection is valid. Then, you can let the Gaea team know you will investigate further and follow up with more details.
15. Scenario 2, continued
The big day has arrived, and you have just finished giving your presentation to the Gaea team. It’s now time for the question-and-answer session, and a stakeholder asks you a very detailed question about one specific electric vehicle charging station initiative.
You listen to the whole question, then repeat it. For what reasons is this important? Select all that apply.
- It ensures the entire audience has heard the question, in case they did not when it was originally asked (Correct)
- It enables you to rephrase it in a way that is easier to answer
- It helps you confirm that you understand the question (Correct)
- It gives the stakeholder a chance to correct you if you misunderstand (Correct)
Correct: Listening to the whole question and repeating it helps you confirm that you understand the question. It also gives the stakeholder a chance to correct you if you are misunderstanding and ensures the entire audience has heard the question.
16. What are the benefits of using dashboards to tell stories about your data? Select all that apply.
- Simplify data visualizations about the number of available charging stations using maps of the different geographies (Correct)
- Organize multiple datasets about electric vehicle battery ranges into a central location (Correct)
- Enable tracking and analysis of electric vehicle data (Correct)
- Maintain control of your data narrative to keep Gaea stakeholders apprised of your insights
17. What strategies can help you speak effectively? Select all that apply.
- Building in intentional pauses to give your audience time to think about what you have just said (Correct)
- Using short words and sentences (Correct)
- Keeping the pitch of your sentences level so that your statements are not confused for questions (Correct)
- Speaking quickly so you are sure to have time to include all important data points
To speak effectively, you should practice using short words and sentences, keeping the pitch of your sentences level, and building in intentional pauses.
Developing Presentations and Slideshows CONCLUSION
By the end of this part of the course, you’ll be able to confidently create presentations that communicate your data insights effectively. You’ll have learned strategies for developing visuals that highlight trends or patterns in the data.
Additionally, you will know how to use interactive elements in your presentation to engage your audience and make your points more clearly. Join us on Coursera today and gain these valuable skills!
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